The Warrior Flag
In 1990, after a bloody dispute between Canadian Mohawks of the Kahnawake, Kanasatakte and Akwasasne bands and Surete de Quebec over the construction of a golf course proposed by the local Mayor Oulette of Oka on land considered a sacred burial ground to the Mohawk. Although the dispute continues and most of the Mohawk people still reside around Oka,some purchased a 200 acre former nursing home just outside the St. Regis Reservation and settled there.
From the Kanienkah uprising came a flag employed by Mohawk in both nations and on all Mohawk lands. As originally reported in The Flag Bulletin (Karoniaktajeh, “Ganienkeh”(sic), The Flag Bulletin, XVI:4 (Winchester, MA, Flag Research Center, 1977), 108-111) that flag is red, bearing a profile of a Mohawk warrior against a yellow sun. The warrior bears a single feather on his head symbolic of the unity of purpose for the continuation of the Mohawk people, their nation, their race and their heritage. The flag as a whole expresses those aims for not just the Mohawk, but all Native American peoples.
Karoniaktajeh was the designer of this flag as well as being a respected elder and teacher within the Mohawk community. Karoniaktajeh has gone on to design a “Unity” flag based upon the Kanienkah banner. The “Unity”flag is similar in design but bears two heads instead of one side by side expressing the unity of the First Nations of Canada and the Native Peoples of the United States.
The Kanienkah flag has become common at protests throughout the lands of the entire Iroquois League (as well as the throughout both continents and being used by Indians other than Mohawk or other Iroquois). The ideals of the flag have been exemplified by actions taken by the Mohawk. Only the Mohawk issue their people passports from the Mohawk nation. Surprisingly, they have been accepted by many nations border and customs officials. This level of international acceptance of nationhood is unparalleled by any other Indian tribe.