Pauulu Kamarakafego, The Black Beret Cadre and Black Power in Bermuda

Dr. Quito Swan

To most people who know me I am the friendly neighborhood pissed as hell revolutionary native nationalist, fighting the good fight against colonialism, imperialism and capitalism in North America. However, in another life I was born on the tiny island nation of Bermuda, and was raised there. As such, even though I’ve long since left Bermuda, and have little in the way of plans to return (my calling in life takes me elsewhere) I’ve maintained a strong interest in Bermudian politics and history, and so it was with great interest that I happened upon the subject of today’s post.


A transnational, pan-African youth movement, Black Power in Bermuda sought freedom for Bermuda’s African population from the island’s White oligarchy and independence from British colonialism. It was spearheaded by activists such as Pauulu Kamarakafego and the Black Beret Cadre. The Cadre maintained relationships with revolutionary organizations across the African Diaspora, such as the Black Panthers. Emerging in the late 1960s, the Movement witnessed the assassinations of Bermuda’s British Chief of Police and Governor (1972-1973).

In this interview with Jared Ball on Vox Union, Bermudian and professor Dr. Quito Swan discusses his work, Black Power in Bermuda and the Struggle for Decolonization.

Dr. Swan obtained his Ph.D. in African Diaspora History from Howard University in 2005, and joined the History Department as an Assistant Professor in 2006. He currently teaches courses on the global African Diaspora. His primary research interests include transnational and international Black protest and anti-colonial movements, Garveyism, Rasta, Diasporic protest music, Pan-Africanism, Black Power as an international phenomenon, and socio-cultural movements in the modern African Diaspora. He is also faculty advisor of Cimarrones, which is a student organization at Howard aimed at building relationships with African descended communities in the South and Central Americas and the wider Black world.


Posted on February 27, 2011, in Imperialism & Colonialism, National Liberation, Radical History and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Comments Off on Pauulu Kamarakafego, The Black Beret Cadre and Black Power in Bermuda.

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