On the Juche Idea: Anti-Imperialist Self-Reliance, Independence & Socialism
Posted by Enaemaehkiw Túpac Keshena
Last night King Jong-Il passed away. He was leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. In this capacity Kim was the General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, Chairman of the National Defence Commission, and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army.
The nominally left forces within the oppressor nations of the world hates Kim Jong-Il, as well as his father Kim Il-Sung, just like they hate the martyred leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi. In this they stand in objective unity with their own imperialisms. When these so-called ‘left’ forces attack the faults of the DPRK, or comrad Gaddafi, which are many, they don’t do so in an objective materialist fashion. Rather they employ idealist and subjective methodologies, attacking the DPRK for its perceived mistakes and miscues as outlined so often by the imperialist whitestream media. Sometimes they even go so far as to openly employ Orientalist and white supremacist, and increasingly in the case of Kim’s son Kim Jong-Un, albleist views.
Further, no matter the faults of the Kims, the Workers Party of Korea or the DPRK, it can never be taken away from the Korean people that they have defended themselves valiantly from imperialism while having been besieged without pause for decades.
Today the imperialist Western media can barely contain its glee over the death of Kim Jong-Il. Their glee will be short lived though, because the Korean people and their struggle for self-determination lives on. The struggle of the people of Palestine and the rest of the Arab and Islamic worlds lives on. the struggle of African people worldwide, including inside the the bounds of the amerikan Empire, lives on. The struggle of the people of the Phillipines, Nepal and India lives on. And the struggle of the Native peoples of the Americas lives on.
These struggles are the vanguard of the world revolution. As they build, grow and move forward they deepen the crisis of imperialism everyday. They will usher in a new age of liberation and international socialist revolution. Imperialism will meet its end in our lifetime, of that i am sure, and it will be the victorious people of the oppressed nations of the world who will drive this vicious beast into its grave.
On Preserving the Juche Character and National Character of the Revolution and Construction
By Kim Jong Il (June 19 , 1997)
There is a sharp confrontation between socialism and imperialism, and between the force of independence and the force of dominationism now in the world arena. Although the international situation is complex and the balance of forces is tangled, the people’s struggle against domination and subjugation and for independence is continuing. The imperialists and reactionaries are tenaciously manoeuvring to arrest the world progressive people’s trend towards independence and obstruct their struggle for independence with a view to realizing their ambition for domination, but no force can ever turn back the main trend of our age which is heading for independence.
In order to thwart the dominationist machinations of the imperialists and reactionaries and give a strong impetus to the people’s cause of independence, the cause of socialism, we must maintain the Juche character of the revolutionary struggle and construction and sustain their national character. Preserving these qualities is imperative for the independent development of the country and nation and for success in realizing independence for the popular masses. Historical experience and lessons prove that adherence to the Juche character and national character is the key to success in the revolution and construction and vital to national prosperity.
Under the wise leadership of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, our Party and our people have resolutely maintained the Juche character and national character in opposition to imperialism and dominationism throughout the entire period of the revolutionary struggle. As a result, they have achieved an independent development of the country and nation without any deviation and have won brilliant victory in the revolution and construction.
In the future, too, we will firmly keep the Juche character and national character in the revolution and construction and fight on staunchly along the road of Juche.
Adherence to the Juche character and national character in the revolution and construction is a fundamental principle that must be maintained in accomplishing the people’s cause of independence, the cause of socialism.
Maintaining the Juche character of the revolution and construction means that the popular masses shape the destiny of their country and nation and their own destiny independently and creatively as the masters of their destiny. Sustaining the national character means preserving and developing their own fine national traits and embodying them in all spheres of social life.
Maintaining the Juche character and sustaining the national character of the revolution and construction is a principled requirement for carrying out the socialist cause in keeping with its own intrinsic nature of independence and historical and present conditions. The socialist cause is the revolutionary cause of independence, which is aimed at realizing independence for the popular masses and is advanced and accomplished by the struggle of the masses. A country and nation is a community of people’s life as well as a basic unit in which they shape their destiny. The masses’ destiny is inseparably linked with the destiny of their country and nation. Since the popular masses live and shape their destiny with a nation-state as a unit, the masses’ cause of independence, the socialist cause, is inconceivable separately from their country and nation, and it is impossible to realize the masses’ independence unless the independence of their country and nation is ensured. A man as a social being is a member of a social stratum and social class as well as a member of his nation. He has both the class character and national character. Since each nation has a peculiar cultural tradition that has been formed and consolidated down through history, it is impossible to meet the masses’ desire for independence and their interests to the full if their national character is ignored. It is only when the socialist cause preserves the Juche character and national character that it can be a truly revolutionary cause that champions and realizes independence for the masses and ensures the independent development and prosperity of the nation.
Keeping the Juche character and national character is the common requirement and aspiration of all countries and all peoples. There is no people who do not love and value their country and nation; there can be no people who like to see the dignity and soul of their nation trampled upon and ignored. In order to ensure that socialism strikes root deep in the people’s minds and advances with strong sympathy and support of the masses, it is necessary to maintain the Juche character and national character in carrying out the socialist cause so as to keep the dignity of the country and the soul of the nation.
Preserving the Juche character and national character and ensuring the independent development of the country and nation are an essential requirement for strengthening international unity and solidarity and contributing truly to the development of the world revolutionary movement. There are many countries and nations in the world, and each country and nation has its own characteristics, but all the countries and nations are equal and independent. International unity and solidarity are the relationships of mutual support and cooperation among the countries and nations which aspire after independence. These relationships can develop as truly voluntary and durable relationships only on the basis of ensuring the independent development of each country and nation and respecting each other’s independence. Unity and cooperation based on independence constitute a truly internationalist relationship among countries and nations. When the Juche character and national character are suppressed, and when the independence of countries and nations is trampled upon, inequality and discord occur among countries and nations, and unity and cooperation become impossible. The socialist cause is a national cause and also an international cause, and the world socialist cause advances and is accomplished through the process of victory and development of the revolution in each country. Only when the people of each country carry out the revolution and construction in their country successfully as masters can the world socialist cause advance triumphantly.
Although preserving the Juche character and national character is a matter of fundamental significance in shaping the masses’ destiny, no correct solution was given to this problem by the previous working-class theory.
The previous theory, which clarified the law of the development of human history from the point of view of the materialist outlook on history, related the formation of nations to the emergence and development of capitalism and predicted that the nation itself would gradually disappear with the liquidation of the capitalist system and with progress in the building of socialism and communism, in all countries. In the historical conditions of the age when the motive force of the revolution was not prepared in each country and nation and when the need to strengthen the international solidarity of the working class in the struggle against capitalism and imperialism was the basic problem, the previous theory was unable to raise the question of keeping the Juche character and national character of the socialist cause to be carried out. The previous theory’s proposition that the working class has no motherland can be viewed as reflecting the requirement for strengthening international working-class unity and solidarity which were urgent for the socialist movement of the period as well as the need for overcoming opportunism which spread bourgeois nationalism in the working-class movement and the socialist movement.
In our times when the popular masses carry out the revolution and construction actively on their own initiative with the nation-state as a unit with their destiny firmly in their hands, the task of each country and nation for adhering to the Juche character and sustaining their national character has presented itself as an urgent requirement.
However, the parties in several countries which were building socialism in the past failed to advance a new theory and a new policy in keeping with the changed new reality and find correct solutions to the problems arising in ensuring the independent development of countries and nations. The parties of these countries regarded the national contingents carrying out the revolution and construction to meet their people’s desires and to suit their national characteristics and their countries’ specific situations within the world socialist movement as contradicting internationalism, and did not pay due attention to the matter of keeping independence of the countries and nations and sustaining the national characteristics. Because of this prejudice and wrong policy, socialism in these countries failed to develop as a cause for these countries and nations and, in consequence, lost its national footholds and support. Socialism is a class cause and at the same time a cause for national development and prosperity. The process of the development and consummation of the socialist society must be the process of meeting the class demand and interests of the working masses and also the process of making the country rich and strong and bringing prosperity to the nation. Since the working class and the other working masses make up the overwhelming majority of any nation, the practice of ignoring the Juche character and national character will inevitably result in the failure to meet the class demand of the working masses properly. Because the socialist cause failed to become the cause of genuine national independence in the several countries, socialism suffered the gradual weakening of its class foundation and was unable to avoid frustration and collapse due to the anti-socialist manoeuvres of the imperialists and the renegades from the revolution.
In the countries where socialism collapsed, the dignity of the countries and nations is trampled upon, their peoples are suffering disasters and even bloodshed is caused by the clashes between nations. Taking advantages of these events, the imperialists are making frantic efforts to cloud the image of socialism by attributing the national calamities to socialism.
The imperialists’ slander that socialism is inferior to capitalism in the development of nations is a shameless lie that black is white and white is black. It is not socialism but capitalism that blocks the road of national development. In the capitalist society where the nation is split into hostile classes and individuals’ interests are placed above social interests, national unity cannot be achieved, people cannot have the attitude as befits masters towards the development of the country and nation, nor can the social wealth be used properly for the common development of the nation. The exploiting class which owns all the means of production and wealth in the capitalist society is interested only in making money. The reactionary exploiting class does not hesitate to sell out the interests of their country and nation and harm other countries and nations for money-making. It is the immutable nature of imperialism to dominate and plunder other nations. Under capitalism there can be neither national equality nor free development of nations. The genuine prosperity of a country and nation can only be realized in the socialist society in which the whole nation has common interests and all the social wealth is used for the common development of the nation. Socialism ensures free development of nations and abolishes both class exploitation and all manner of national inequality.
Under the guidance of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, our Party and our people have firmly maintained the Juche character and properly sustained the national character in the revolution and construction and thus advanced the Juche revolutionary cause victoriously.
The respected leader Comrade Kim Il Sung was a great thinker, theoretician and a great statesman who advanced the idea of preserving the Juche character and national character for the first time in history, translated it brilliantly into reality and gave successful leadership to the revolution and construction.
Keeping and embodying the Juche character and national character is the principled requirement of the revolution and construction elucidated by the Juche idea created by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung. The Juche idea, the man-centred outlook on the world, is a noble idea of loving the people as well as an idea of true love for the country and nation; it is a great revolutionary idea of our times which illuminates the road of advancing the cause of world independence forcefully. The Juche idea clarified that the country and nation are the basic unit for shaping the destiny of the masses and that the popular masses must firmly maintain the Juche character and national character of the revolution and construction in order to shape their destiny independently. The Juche idea scientifically proved that the process of nations’ development in carrying out the socialist cause is not a process of one nation being assimilated to another nation or being merged into another, but a process of each nation developing into a civilized and powerful nation and steadily expanding and advancing cooperation and ties among different nations on the principle of complete equality and voluntary will while creating their own lives and history with freedom. On the basis of the elucidation of the independent nature of the socialist cause and the socio-historical conditions of its implementation, the Juche idea defined the maintenance of the Juche character and national character as the fundamental principle that must be adhered to in the whole course of building socialism. The Juche idea linked socialism and nations to the same destiny for the first time, and guaranteed the possibility for countries and nations to achieve lasting prosperity in step with the victorious advance of socialist construction.
By establishing the Juche idea and advancing the theory of maintaining the Juche character and national character, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung provided the absolutely correct guideline for leading the socialist cause as the genuine cause of independence for the popular masses, as the cause of countries and nations. This is an imperishable achievement he made in the history of human thought.
Our Party and our people, holding high the banner of the Juche idea, smashed all kinds of machinations of the imperialists and opportunists in the struggle for the independence and sovereignty of the country and for socialism, resolutely defended and applied Juche character and national character. In the course of this we have registered brilliant successes and accumulated valuable experience.
Our Party and our people regarded adherence to the Juche character as the basic principle in the revolution and construction and always subordinated everything to the destiny of our revolution and our nation and found solutions to all problems by centering on this matter, thus pioneering an untrodden path of carrying out the revolution and construction in an independent and creative way.
Rock-solidly united around the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, the Party and people categorically rejected and frustrated the great-power chauvinism which stood in the way of our revolution. This was of key importance in defending the interests and dignity of our nation and adhering to the Juche standpoint in the revolution and construction. In the past the great-power chauvinists slandered the maintenance of Juche by our Party and people in the revolution and construction as “Nationalism” and “Isolationism” and exerted pressure upon us. However, we fought them without compromise in order to save the destiny of the country, nation and socialism. Even when they were deprived of their country and had to fight the arduous revolutionary war in a foreign land against the Japanese, the Korean communists established Juche to the letter with an unshakable standpoint and attitude that they were the masters of the Korean revolution. During the difficult years of post-war rehabilitation and socialist construction, they all determinedly rejected the pressure and arbitrariness of the great-power chauvinists who meddled in our internal affairs and forced an “Integrated Economy”. If the Korean communists had not maintained their own lines and conviction that the Korean revolutionaries should carry out the Korean revolution, they would have failed to liberate their country. If we had abandoned the policy of building an independent national economy and entered the “CMEA” unable to bear the pressure of the great-power chauvinists during socialist construction after the war, it would have been impossible for us to build the socialist state which is independent, self-sustenant and capable of self-reliant defence. While rejecting great-power chauvinism which put down the Juche character, our Party and people conducted a tireless, fierce struggle to overcome flunkeyism which flattered and yielded to the great power. We thus removed any room for great-power chauvinism to set foot, eradicated the idea of dependence on outside forces which was handed down through history and thoroughly established the standpoint and attitude as the masters of the revolution in our country.
The struggle of our Party and our people to adhere to the Juche character was conducted as an integral part of the struggle to strengthen the unity and solidarity of the world socialist movement. Thoroughly rejecting all sorts of misguided tendencies of setting the Juche character against internationalism, we made energetic efforts to strengthen internationalist unity and solidarity in keeping with the nature of the socialist movement. Even though they were carrying out the unprecedentedly complex and arduous Korean revolution, the Korean communists and people maintained the internationalist principle of actively supporting and encouraging the people of other countries in their cause for anti-imperialist independence and for socialism and fighting in unity with the class Comrades-in-arms and the revolutionary people. When the difference in opinions and discord between the socialist countries aggravated to the point of split in the world socialist movement, our Party, with a firm, principled and independent stand, directed great efforts to ensuring mutual understanding and harmony among the socialist countries. Even though it was carrying out the revolution in the difficult situation, our Party gave unstinted assistance and support to the other socialist countries which were fighting an anti-U.S. war. Our Party and our people made energetic and positive efforts to develop the relations of friendship and cooperation based on complete equality and mutual benefit not only with the socialist countries but also with all the countries which aspire after independence, thus making a great contribution to strengthening the internationalist solidarity among the progressive forces throughout the world. The successes and experiences of our struggle to pioneer the road of revolution in an original way as the masters of our own destiny and unfold a new history of unity and solidarity in the world socialist movement and the progressive movement based on independence clearly demonstrate that the maintenance of the Juche character constitutes an important guarantee for the victory of both our revolution and the world revolutionary movement and that it is the absolutely correct way of remaining loyal not only to the national but also to the international duties.
Our Party valued the national character, sustained our nation’s fine traditions in every possible way and materialized them in all spheres of the revolution and construction. The national character which is formed through history may have the limitation of the period and class, but it is a mistake to see the national character as the breeding ground of the idea of returning to the past and bourgeois nationalism. The national character embodies the spirit of national independence and the cultural tradition of a nation, which constitute a precious wealth of the country and nation and an important asset for the building of socialism.
Posted on December 19, 2011, in Revolutionary Theory, Socialism and tagged Juche, Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il. Bookmark the permalink. Comments Off on On the Juche Idea: Anti-Imperialist Self-Reliance, Independence & Socialism.
Comments are closed.